Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (Kingdom of the Netherlands)
The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC, and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999.
Source: CIA World Factbook 2001
(In general, information available as of 1 January 2001 was used in the preparation of this edition.)