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**The History of ARUBA**

Printed From: CaribbeanChoice
Category: General Discussion
Forum Name: Aruba Forum
Forum Discription: Discussions and Hangout
URL: http://www.caribbeanchoice.com/forums/forum_posts.asp?TID=79594
Printed Date: 06 July 2020 at 6:52am


Topic: **The History of ARUBA**
Posted By: vutjebal
Subject: **The History of ARUBA**
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:09am
The History of Aruba

The island of Aruba
Most probably, the name Aruba is of Indian origin, a combination of ora (shell) and oubao (island). But it might also be from Spanish: oro hubo (there was gold).  The earliest mention on a map spells Orua.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=30&Itemid=1">



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.



Replies:
Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:11am

The preColumbian era:
Before the discovery of Aruba by the Spaniards, the island was inhabited by Indians, first by the Arawaks and later the Caribs. They lived of catching fish and collecting natural food.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/indiaans%20graf%20malmok.jpg">Indian%20burial%20%20excavation



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:12am

the Spaniards, the Dutch and the English:
Aruba was discovered by the Spaniards in 1499 . In the 16th century, the Spaniards deported the entire Indian population and sent them away to the island of Hispaniola to work in copper mines. In the 17th century, the Dutch conquered the Windward islands. On Aruba horses and mainly goats were bred. Between 1806 and 1816,  Aruba was occupied by the English.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/oranjestad,%201815.jpg -  



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:12am

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/oranjestad,%201815.jpg">Oranjestad%201815



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:12am

Aloe, gold and phosphate.
De aloe plant was particularly suitable for the soil and the climate of Aruba. As of the 19th century, the juice is exported and since 1947 there is an aloe factory on Aruba.

  http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/Aruba_1825.jpg">Aruba%201825



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:13am

In 1824, gold was found on Aruba and phosphate in 1859. Both industries were the first important source of income for the Aruban people. De gold digging continued up to the First World War (1914) and the exploitation of phosphate was also halted in the beginning of the 20th century.

 



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:13am

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/Oranjestad%201917a.jpg">Oranjestad%201917a



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:14am

The Lago.
The most important change in the past century for Aruba was the establishment of the Lago Oil and Transport Company. The founding of this refinery prompted the need of foreign labor and they came mainly from the English speaking islands in the Caribean. They established themselves in San Nicolas. In 1986, the outdated Lago closed but the refinery was soon reopened by another oil company.



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:14am
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/de%20lago.jpg">Lago  

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:15am

Aruba and World War II.
Aruba was home to one of the biggest refineries in the world, supplying a substantial part of the fuel to the allied troops. That's why the island was targeted by a German submarine. Fortunately, the attack was a major failure. Aruba had been spared massive damage



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:15am
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/aanval%20op%20de%20lago%20volgens%20duitse%20propaganda.jpg">Attack%20on%20Lago%20according%20to%20German%20propaganda  

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:16am

Striving for Separation
In the beginning of the thirties of the past century, Aruba officially announced to the Government of the Dutch Kingdom its wish to separate from Curaçao. Jan Hendrik (Henny) Eman and Shon A Eman were the advocates of 'Separación' (separation).



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:16am
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/henny%20eman%20schilderij.jpg">Henny%20Eman%20painting  

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:17am
The struggle for 'Status Aparte'.
In the course of the seventies, a movement came about that aimed to dissolve Aruba from the administrative unit of the Netherlands Antilles. After a couple of turbulent weeks in August 1977, the call for independence was recognized by the Dutch government, which resulted in obtaining the so-called 'Status Aparte': in 1986, Aruba became an independent country within the Dutch Kingdom

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:17am
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/betico%20staatsportret.jpg">Betico%20Croes  

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:18am
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/aruba%20caribbean%20hotelresize.jpg">Aruba%20Caribbean%20Hotel

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:26am

Tourism.
In 1959, the first major resort on Palm Beach was constructed. Next to the Aruba Caribbean Hotel, other so-called High-rise hotels were built. Several smaller hotels were built as well, like those on Eagle Beach. Tourism has grown to become the major employer on the island, next to the refinery.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/pm%20henny%20erman%20small.jpg">Prime%20Minister%20Henny%20Eman



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:26am
The country Aruba.
In 1986, Aruba became, next to the Netherlands and the Netherlands Antilles, a country within the Dutch Kingdom. Like Curaçao, it has a Governor. It has its own parliament and government. The first Prime Minister was Henny Eman (AVP) in 1986. He was succeeded by Nelson Oduber (MEP), Prime Minister from 1989 till 1994. The second cabinet Eman was in power from 1994 till 2001. Since that year the MEP with Prime Minister Oduber rules again

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 12:18pm
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/nel%20oduber.jpg">Nel%20Oduber  

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:00pm

http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Aruba.html - This is the Chronology of Aruba; all the important facts, dates, commanders, governers, prime mimisters of the island.



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:46pm

the Spaniards, the Dutch the Spaniards, the Dutch and the English 


The Dutch Leeward Islands are said to have been discovered by the Spaniards in 1499. Historians do not agree wether they have been discovered by Alonso de Ojeda or by Amerigo Vespucci. Based upon drawings, maps and reports, Ojeda is assumed to have been on Curaçao and Bonaire, but not on Aruba. Probably Aruba was "discovered" a few years later while on a reconnaissance expedition.


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:46pm
The Spaniards called the islands "Islas de los Gigantes" (Islands of the Giants) because the Indian population  was quite a bit taller than they were. Another name for the Leeward Islands was 'islas inutiles' (useless islands) because there was neither gold nor silver to be found and furthermore, they were unfit for agriculture. From this term 'inutiles' the name 'Antilles' was probably derived.


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:47pm
In 1513 the Spaniards deported the entire Indian population of Aruba (and of the other Leeward Islands) to work as slaves in the copper mines of Santo Domingo, where the local Indian forced laborers had totally been wiped out by diseases and as a result of the treatment by the Spaniards.  Aruba remained uninhabited but gradually inhabitants of the main land came to the island again to settle. And a bit later, the Spaniards came back to live on the island and they used it as a kind of 'rancho', one large rural estate where horses and donkeys, cattle and pigs, sheep and goats – imported by the Spaniards – roamed about freely. The Indians served as domestic personnel and cattle herd.

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:47pm
At that time, the Dutch were an enterprising people and sailed all the seas in the world.  For the herring fishing industry, they needed a lot of salt.  They got it from Spain and Portugal, but during the Eighty Years' War against the Spaniards, they were forced to look out for new salt pans, which they found in Venezuela and the Caribbean. Since their involvement in South-America was growing, they needed a foothold  in the Caribbean.  In 1634, the Dutch conquered Curaçao and used the island as a base of operations during the Eighty Years' War to attack the Spanish armada.  In 1636, the Dutch also occupied Bonaire and Aruba to prevent attacks from these islands. The Dutch West India Company (WIC) developed the Leeward Islands to become agricultural colonies. On Aruba, they began breeding horses and particularly goats. The amount of goats on the island increased at a certain moment in such a rate that Aruba was also called the "goat island". They also cut down so-called Brasilwood, which was brought to Amsterdam where it was rasped by convicts at the Rasphouse, the prison.  It was the basic material for red paint.

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:48pm
At that time, the Dutch were an enterprising people and sailed all the seas in the world.  For the herring fishing industry, they needed a lot of salt.  They got it from Spain and Portugal, but during the Eighty Years' War against the Spaniards, they were forced to look out for new salt pans, which they found in Venezuela and the Caribbean. Since their involvement in South-America was growing, they needed a foothold  in the Caribbean.  In 1634, the Dutch conquered Curaçao and used the island as a base of operations during the Eighty Years' War to attack the Spanish armada.  In 1636, the Dutch also occupied Bonaire and Aruba to prevent attacks from these islands. The Dutch West India Company (WIC) developed the Leeward Islands to become agricultural colonies. On Aruba, they began breeding horses and particularly goats. The amount of goats on the island increased at a certain moment in such a rate that Aruba was also called the "goat island".


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:49pm
They also cut down so-called Brasilwood, which was brought to Amsterdam where it was rasped by convicts at the Rasphouse, the prison.  It was the basic material for red paint.
The almost total absence of black slaves may explain the strong Indian features on Aruba, compared to Curaçao and Bonaire. Only after 1770, black slaves came to the island, but in very limited numbers.

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:50pm

The many wars between The Dutch and the English had their consequences for Aruba. During the Napoleonic era, the English had occupied the Dutch colonies. In 1806, Aruba fell into the hands of the English and the occupation lasted till 1816. In that year, the Dutch got Aruba back from the English. From the 'English era', dates an aquarelle by R.B.Lloyd, offering a view of Oranjestad, seen from above the sea. It features only stone houses, numbered and with the mention of the inhabitant at the bottom. Also shown are the ’mountains’ of Aruba, the Hooyberg ('Haystack)' and Caha@#$%o.
 



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:50pm
At a census in 1816, 564 out of 1732 inhabitants of Aruba were qualified as ’real Indians’. The majority was catholic. In fact, the colonisation of Aruba only took place at the end of the 18th century. The Bay of Horses (Paardenbaai) of Oranjestad was used as a layover harbor for the trade between Curaçao and the mainland of Venezuela. Some migration from Curaçao to Aruba came about as well.


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:55pm
http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/images/stories/images_site/lloyd%201815.jpg">Aruba%201815%20by%20R.B.%20Lloyd  

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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:56pm
Aloe, Gold, phosphate
Aloe

The aloe plant has been grown on Aruba since the mid-1800. The climat and the dry soil are particularly suitable for the aloe culture.  The plant flourishes well here: the Aruban aloe has an aloin content of 22 %, while the content al aloin in the rest of the world is 15% at the most.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=15&Itemid=33 - Read more...


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 6:56pm
Gold

In 1725, the first exploration was done to the presence of mineral ores on Curaçao and the `dependent islands of Bonaire and Aruba’. The Amsterdam Chamber, the Head Office of the Dutch West India Company, sent out a certain Paulus Printz to the islands, who was to perform soil research under the title of director-mountain worker.



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 7:00pm

After searching in vain on Curaçao and on Bonaire, he headed to Aruba and searched on the Kristalberg, dug a subterranean passage in Seroe Colorado and sent some barrels of stone and ore as samples to Amsterdam. Only a minimal amount of gold and silver was found in those, so the decision was taken to discontinue the efforts by Printz. After three years of thrudging through the rock-hard Aruban soil, he left Aruba again.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=33 - Read more...


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 7:02pm
Phosphate

In the 19th century another natural product, besides gold, was found to be fit for exploitation. On Seroe Colorado, at the utmost south-easterly tip of the island, guano was found. This limestone, containing phosphoric acid, originates from bird droppings, in this case sea gulls. There was a broad world market for phosphate that was used as a fertilizer.

 



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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.


Posted By: vutjebal
Date Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 7:05pm

The discovery of guano is being credited to J. H. Waters Gravenhorst in 1874, but it seems that in 1859 already an American, S. R. Kimball, who was digging guano on the Aves islands, had applied for a permit for exploitation. If it actually has come to that, remains unknown.

http://www.historiadiaruba.aw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=17&Itemid=33 - Read more...


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It is better to take refuge in the LORD than to trust in man.



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