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 CaribbeanChoice : General Discussion : Country-Specific Forums : Aruba Forum
Message Icon Topic: **The History of ARUBA** Post Reply Post New Topic
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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Topic: **The History of ARUBA**
    Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:09am
The History of Aruba

The island of Aruba
Most probably, the name Aruba is of Indian origin, a combination of ora (shell) and oubao (island). But it might also be from Spanish: oro hubo (there was gold).  The earliest mention on a map spells Orua.

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:11am

The preColumbian era:
Before the discovery of Aruba by the Spaniards, the island was inhabited by Indians, first by the Arawaks and later the Caribs. They lived of catching fish and collecting natural food.

Indian%20burial%20%20excavation

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:12am

the Spaniards, the Dutch and the English:
Aruba was discovered by the Spaniards in 1499 . In the 16th century, the Spaniards deported the entire Indian population and sent them away to the island of Hispaniola to work in copper mines. In the 17th century, the Dutch conquered the Windward islands. On Aruba horses and mainly goats were bred. Between 1806 and 1816,  Aruba was occupied by the English.

 

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:12am

Oranjestad%201815

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:12am

Aloe, gold and phosphate.
De aloe plant was particularly suitable for the soil and the climate of Aruba. As of the 19th century, the juice is exported and since 1947 there is an aloe factory on Aruba.

 Aruba%201825

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:13am

In 1824, gold was found on Aruba and phosphate in 1859. Both industries were the first important source of income for the Aruban people. De gold digging continued up to the First World War (1914) and the exploitation of phosphate was also halted in the beginning of the 20th century.

 

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:13am

Oranjestad%201917a

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:14am

The Lago.
The most important change in the past century for Aruba was the establishment of the Lago Oil and Transport Company. The founding of this refinery prompted the need of foreign labor and they came mainly from the English speaking islands in the Caribean. They established themselves in San Nicolas. In 1986, the outdated Lago closed but the refinery was soon reopened by another oil company.

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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:14am
Lago 
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Quote vutjebal Replybullet Posted: 22 Jan 2009 at 11:15am

Aruba and World War II.
Aruba was home to one of the biggest refineries in the world, supplying a substantial part of the fuel to the allied troops. That's why the island was targeted by a German submarine. Fortunately, the attack was a major failure. Aruba had been spared massive damage

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